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Electric car – hen or egg? For e-cars are missing tens of thousands News

Tuesday, September 5th, 2017 | Economy

For many people, their own car stands for freedom. If a driver arrives in Flensburg, he seems to need the certainty of being able to easily reach Garmisch-Partenkirchen. That he has to dash on the approximately one thousand kilometers also times fuel – no topic. The next petrol station will arrive. If, however, the 20-kilometer, the average number of professionals in Germany on the way to work, be covered in the electric car, many drivers are already nervous: Where is the next Ladesäule? Is she free? "Experts from the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) are emphasizing in a study" an extended charging infrastructure is the key to the success of electric mobility ".
The scientists have examined how many public charging points in Germany are needed by the year 2020, and then, as policy makers are concerned, one million vehicles with battery drive should actually roll on the streets. According to the researchers, the number of power stations would have to be about five times as large as it is today: 35,000 public and so-called semi-public charging points, such as shopping, would be needed. In addition, up to 4,000 quick-charging columns are recommended for everyday traffic – of which there are currently just under 300.
Rapid expansion makes sense
The scientists advise to expand the network rapidly, also because visible infrastructure increases the confidence in e-mobility. The "National Platform for Electromobility" (NPE) launched by the Federal Government in 2020 holds as many as 70,000 public charging points – almost ten times as many as before – as well as 7,100 quick-charging stations.
The road to electric mobility on a broad basis is still very far, as all experts agree: 34,000 electric cars were registered in Germany at the end of the year and a good 165,000 hybrid cars. Not only does the range, which is too small for the customer, slow down the sale of electric cars. The vehicles are often also more expensive than those with petrol or diesel engines, in addition, there is significantly less choice. Whether new models will have to provide a boost in sales, or to expand the infrastructure is the unresolved issue of the Hen Egg.
It is only in step-by-step: The German car makers want to triple their offer of E-car models to about 100 more than triple; the next generation will be able to drive with a battery charge of 500 to 600 kilometers. The number of public charging points is growing, but currently stands at just 7400.
Combine the forces
Experts say that there is a simple reason for progress: "Today you do not earn money with pillars," says Jens Lorkowski from consulting company Oliver Wyman. For this reason, energy suppliers, caravans and municipalities had been looking for clever approaches for a long time – and declared the others responsible. "So far, all participants have pushed the hot potato back and forth," criticizes Klaus Schmitz from the consulting firm Arthur D. Little. But this would be the end: "The carers are now taking it into their own hands together with their partners. They can not wait."
While the American electric car pioneer Tesla has long since offered this, the car makers BMW, Daimler, Ford and Volkswagen together with the daughters Audi and Porsche are creating a Europe-wide network of fast-charging stations. 400 charging points are planned in the first step; According to insiders, negotiations are taking place with energy suppliers such as E.ON, the RWE subsidiary Innogy and industrial groups such as Siemens.
To meet the increasingly stringent exhaust emission targets, manufacturers have to sell more electric cars. This only works if the drivers can be sure that they can load their current in everyday life with manageable effort. "At a gas station a customer spends about seven minutes," says adviser Lorkowski. "Everything that lasts longer, users first perceive as a deterioration." On a normal load column, however, the current can take several hours. Acceptable for customers is according to the experts for 80 percent charge a duration of 15 to 20 minutes – as long as a relaxed coffee break, somewhere between Flensburg and Garmisch.


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