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Brics states condemn North Korea's nuclear test

Tuesday, September 5th, 2017 | World News

The Brics states – an association of emerging economies – have decidedly opposed protectionism. At the summit of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa in Xiamen, the heads of state and government stressed the need for free trade.

"We underline the importance of an open and inclusive world economy that will enable all countries and peoples to benefit from the benefits of globalization."

Problem solving through peaceful dialogues
In their joint statement, the Brics states also condemned North Korea's new nuclear test. The heads of state and government expressed their "deep concern" over the tensions and demanded that the problems should only be solved peacefully through dialogue. However, the focus was on the expansion of cooperation among the Brics countries and the boosting of their economies.

Against the background of protectionist tendencies in the US by President Donald Trump's "America-First" policy, the threat of free trade played a major role. China likes to be a champion of free markets on the international stage, but is increasingly criticized for building trade barriers and for not granting foreign companies enough market access.

Closer cooperation is striving
The Group accounts for a quarter of global economic output and represents 42 percent of the world's population. China's state and party chairman Xi Jinping called on the Brics states to play a more active role in the world. In addition to Russia's President Vladimir Putin, India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi, as well as the presidents of Brazil and South Africa, Michel Temer and Jacob Zuma, will also take part in the summit.

 In the joint statement, they agreed on closer cooperation to give the voice of the Brics more weight in international forums. The five-round round was expanded to a state banquet, where the Heads of State and Government of Egypt, Mexico, Thailand, Tajikistan and Guinea were invited as part of the "Brics Plus" process. Before the conclusion of the three-day summit on Tuesday, all want to meet for joint discussions.

China dominates the Brics Group
China is striving for a formal expansion of the group, but this resistance is being met by the other members. The Brics was founded in 2009 without South Africa, which was invited in 2010. The Brics states are looking for a stronger role in the world order determined by the US and other industries, and want to give more weight to the voice of emerging and developing countries.

But there are very different interests and rivalries in the group, as the recent border dispute between China and India made clear. Only the settlement of the dispute had paved the way for the Indian Prime Minister to participate in the summit. Economically, China also dominates the very unequal Brics Group as the second largest economic nation in the world.

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